西安旅游景点,EB-5提案之收效时刻及其影响剖析-律所版,渴望

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今日,咱们再回到EB-5变法,EB-5新提案。最近有个问题越来越杰出,虽然参议院6月3日推出的新提案,各方争议特别大,可是究竟是重量级议员提出来的,经过的或许性(或许说在退让修正之后)仍是比较大的。

那问题来了,这份新提案,关于项目、区域中心和出资者有几个要害的改动,在9月30日之前,甚至9月30日之后,将带来哪些影响。从现有的律师们的分析,以及提案条文来看,一旦提案经过并收效,那么就当即关于几个要害革新,如:作业发明条款、TEA(方针作业区)的确定、最低出资额和资金来历,发作至关重要的改动,而在这4个严重革新中,TEA和最低出资额,或许会因Grandfather(延用旧律)条款而持续沿袭老的法案。

今日,EB5Sir找来了两篇文章,分别是业界朋友Vanessa转来的本篇Peng & Weber律所的文章,以及另一篇Ronald Klasko律师的文章。就这两篇解读而言,Peng & We陈邦铃ber律所的文章愈加简洁明了易于了解,Ronald Klasko律师的解读愈加专业详尽,朋友们能够参阅阅览。事前声明下,假定越读越模糊,别忧愁,究竟立法者自己没有说话,USCIS(移民局)没有发声,都是律师们的个人解读。当然,关于出资者来说,早点递案,防止不确定要素,也是仅有能够操控的。

S.1501提案主张的EB-5最低出资额添加和TEA约束

S.1501提案的第四部分包含两个改动,这两个改动会影响EB-5最低出资额而且会对出资者有直接影响:

1. EB-5最低出资额添加到120万美元(TEA区域添加到80万美元)。现在,低作业区域(TEA)的最低出资规范是50万美元,非TEA区域最低出资规范是100万美元。新的提案将TEA的最低出资规范添加到了80万美景鼎文元,非TEA区域最低出资规范添加到了120万美元。

2. TEA“高赋闲区域”的从头界说,使之仅包含一个人口普查区——这使得项目所在地更难 成为TEA,然后使得出资者更难运用较低额出资规范。现在,EB-5的管理法令授权每个州 能够指定“一个特定的地舆或许政治细分区域”作为高赋闲区域,假定这个指定区域的赋闲率是全国均匀赋闲率的150%或许更高的话。依据这些管理法令,美国移民局答应包含该出资项意图几个接连的人口普查区的兼并来界说一个高赋闲区域。别的,美国移民局的现有方针是依从州政府所做的有关高赋闲区域的决议。可是,S.1501提案约束“高赋闲区域”的地舆规模到“一个【独自】的人口普查区”——即只包含该项目所在地的人口普查区 ——而且阐明疆土安全部会自行划定高赋闲区域而不遭到其他联邦或许州立实体的决议的 约束。

最低出资额和TEA改动的收效日期

以上两个法令将会一同适用于规范EB-5出资和区域中心项目出资,而且会在该提案公布后收效 (最迟2015年9月30日一定会公布)。收效日期有一个重要的例外情况:假定区域中心项目在该法案成为法令之前就现已递送或许取得“商业方案同意请求”的预批,与这些区域中心项目相关的I-526/I-829请求将不遭到新的最低出资额和TEA规矩的影响。这些请求会得到“延用旧 律”的权力,依然运用现有的100万美元和50万美元的最低出资额,以及现有的TEA界说。可对错区域中心项意图出资则不会得到“延用旧律”的优点。

区域中心出资者取得“延用旧律 - grandfather条款”权力的要害:递送“商业方案同意请求”

S.1501提案的第四部分没有解说“商业方案同意请求”的界说,可是看起来它指现有I-526预批请求进程,因援组词为这是现在区域中心的实践项目文件取得预批的仅有办法。换句话说,S.1501提案好像阐明假定要使一个项目(以及该项意图未来出资者)取得“延用旧律”的权力然后持续运用现有的最低西安旅游景点,EB-5提案之收效时间及其影响分析-律所版,巴望出资额和现有的TEA规矩,区域中心有必要要在该提案公布前递送I-526范本请求。 出资者自己在该法案公布前递送I-526请求是不足以取得“延用旧律”权的,可是看起来区域中心递送I-526范本请求西安旅游景点,EB-5提案之收效时间及其影响分析-律所版,巴望能够。

EB5Sir注:在提案中的条文是要求向USCIS递送“商业方案同意请求“,不过没有具体解说。在这里,律师将其解说为:I-526预批阅(或许叫I-924预批阅,或叫范本认证)。

I-526演示请求预批程序的布景

当USCIS在2009年宣告预批程序的时分,区域中心对此举对错常欢迎的。该预批程序答应区域中心取得一个“I-526演示请求”的预同意书,“I-526演示请求” 包含I-526出资者将会向移民局递送的一切实践项目文件。由于USCIS的特惠方针(在此方针下它一般不会推翻此前做出的决议),预批请求的同意关于项目和出资者都有严重优点。项目方能够等待USCIS审理员对他们的I-526请求给予一致性的同意,一同U音乐问候称为什么SCIS“预批”也能够在在商场上带来很好的诺言。出资者也有一个办法来评价项意图EB-5可信度,也添加他们对自己的I-526请求同意的决心。

一开端,预批请求是不收费用的,而且能够在短短几个月内就能够取得同意。2010年11月开端,预批请求要和I-924表格一同递送,而且要交贵重的请求费用6,230美元。一同,EB-5项目 的爆发式增加导致了处理时间的延伸。万事具备的项意图预批请求一般都需求一年以上的时间才 能到啪啪啪舒畅吗达审理员面前,这极大地约束了演示请求的有效性。2013年5月,USCIS宣告,演示请求同意之后项意图重要改动会导致项目无法享用特惠方针,这更进一步地降低了演示请求的有利效果——一同USCIS并没有给“重要改动”准确界说,然后移民局能够对之进行广泛的 解说。2015 年7月,USCIS对I-526演示请求(经过I-924表格递送)的处理风残阳时间依然是一年以上,而且目 前没有加急请求的程西安旅游景点,EB-5提案之收效时间及其影响分析-律所版,巴望序。 虽然有其缺点的存在,鉴于S.1051提案中说到的或许享用的“延用旧律”的权力,演示请求现在有了其重要价值。

预批请求的资料

假定S.1501提案中的”商业方案同意请求“是指现有的预批请求程序,该同意应该包含以下资料:

. 将经过新商业企业取得EB-5出资款的作业项意图具体商业方案书。应该包含可信的商业描绘,商场和竞争力分析, 相关的许可证和执照信息,商场策略,安排结构,财务报表;而且阐明项目活动将会怎么确保每个EB-5出资者在I-526同意之后的2年半内发明至少10 个作业时机。

. 有关项目现在状况的文件。假定适用的话,这些文件或许包含,项目规划资料,第三方可行性分析,融资许诺函,许可证复印件,以及能显现商业方案履行进展的其它依据。

. 解说EB-5出资项目会怎么发明作业时机的经济分析,该分析应该运用合理的办法核算工 作时机。

. 认购文件草稿显现拟出资项意图条款是契合EB-5要求的。

. 相关州组织供给的TEA认证信(假定适用的话)。

. I-526表格样表(隐去出资者名字)和附函,以阐明该项目是怎么契合EB-5要求的。

要得到I-526预批请求的同意,区域中心可在递送I-924表格的修订请求中包含以上资料(现在 请求费用是6,230美元)。

定论

现在起草的S.1501提案内容或许会也或许不会成为法令。假定提案内容成为法令的话,按现在了解的预批请求或许会也或许不会被以为取得“延用旧律”权,足以使项目运用最低出资额和现有TEA界说。可是,根据该提案成为法令之前递送预批请求或许带来的巨大优点,有实践项目要做的区域中心应该考虑在2015年9月30日前提交预批请求。最终,预备和递送预批请求应该咨询专业的EB-5法令顾问。

原文作者:Peng & Weber律所,原文来历:www.greencardlawyers.com。

Minimum EB-5 Investment Increase and TEA Restriction Proposed by Senate Bill S. 1501

Section 4 of S. 1501 proposes two changes to the existing EB-5 program that could have a direct impact on investor participation:

1. Increase of the required minimum EB-5 investment amount to $1,200,000 ($800,000 for Targeted Employment Areas). Currently, the minimum investment amount for EB-5 eligibility is $500,000 for investments made in Targeted Employment Areas (TEAs) and $1 million for investments made in non-TEAs. The new bill increases the minimum amounts to $800,苍井空冰桶湿身000 for TEA investments and $1.2 million for non-TEA investments.

2. Redefinition of “high unemployment area” for TEA purposes to a single census tract—which would make it more difficult for project伴组词 locations to qualify as TEAs, and thus for investors to qualify for the lower investment threshold. Currently, the EB-5 regulations authorize states to designate “a particular geographic or political subdivision” as a high unemployment area if the unemployment rate for that defined area is at le万载县株潭镇私家借款ast 150% of the national average unemployment rate based on the most recent available data. Based on the regulations, USCIS allows a high unemployment area to be defined by calculating the unemployment rate for an aggregate area consisting of multiple contiguous census tracts that broadly encompass the investment project site. In addition, USCIS’s current policy is to defer to state high 狼性老公unemployment area determinations. However, 奥比岛夜间版S. 1501 restricts the geographic boundaries of a “high unemployment area” to “a [single] census tract”—the tract immediately encompassing the project site—and also provides that t深vhe Department of Homeland Security will make high unemployment area designations without being bound by determinations made by other federal or state entities.

Effective Date of Proposed Minimum Investmen西安旅游景点,EB-5提案之收效时间及其影响分析-律所版,巴望t and TEA Changes

Both provisions above would apply to standard EB-5 and regional center program investments alike, and would be effective upon the bill’s enactment (which would have to occur by September 30, 2015 if at all). There is one important exception to the effective date: I-526/I-829 petitions submitted in connection with regional center-affiliated projects that either filed or received approval of “an application for business plan approval” before the bill became law would not be subject to the new minimum investment and TEA rules. Such petitions would be grandfathered and remain subject to the current $1,000,000 and $500,000 investment thresholds, and the current TEA definition. There is no grandfathering benefit for non-regional center-affiliated investments.

Key to Grandfathering for Regional Center Investors: Filing of an “Application for Business Plan Approval”

“Application for business plan approval” is not defined by Section 4 of S. 1501, but appears to refer to the existing exemplar I-526 petition process, since that is the only means currently available to a regional center for obtaining pre-approval of actual project documents. In other words, S. 1501 appears to say that to grandfather a project (and future investors in that project) into the current minimum investment threshold and TEA rules, a regional center must file an exemplar request for the project before the bill’s enactment. The submission of an investor’s I-526 petition before the bill’s enactment w撸管福利ould not be sufficient for grandfathering, but it seems that the filing of an exemplar request would be.

Background on the Exemplar Process

When USCIS introduced the exemplar process in 2009, regional centers welcomed it with open arms. The process allowed regional centers to seek pre-approval of an “exemplar I-526 petition,” which referred to the full set of actual project documents that would be submitted with an actual investor’s I-526 petition. Because of USCIS’s deference policy (under which the agency will generally not revisit determinations it has previously made), an exemplar approval could have substantial benefit to both projects and investors alike. Projects could expect more consistently favorable review of their documents by USCIS adjudicators, and also have greater credibility in the marketplace due to “pre-approval” by USCIS. Investors had a way of gaging a project’s EB-5 compliance, and could have greater confidence in the approvability of their I-526 petitions.

In the early days, exemplar applications were free of charge and exemplar approvals could be obtained within a few short months. Starting in November 2010, exemplar applications became coupled with the Form I-924 and its hefty $6,230 filing fee. Meanw西安旅游景点,EB-5提案之收效时间及其影响分析-律所版,巴望hile, the explosive growth of the EB-5 program led to slowdowns in processing times across the board. Exemplar applications by shovel-ready projects routinely began taking over a year to reach an adjudicator’s desk, severely limiting the utility of the exemplar process. In May 2013, USCIS further deflated the exemplar bubble by announcing that material changes in a project after exemplar approval could redoskoinposult in a loss of deference—leaving “m日本同性恋aterial change” undefined and thus open to broad interpretation. As of July 2015, the USCIS processing time for exemplar I-526 petitions (filed using the Form I-924) remains at over a year and there is currently no premium processing option available. Despite its drawbacks, the exemplar procedure now has great value in light of S. 1501 due to its potential grandfathering power.

Elements of an Exemplar Approval Request

Assuming “application for business plan approval” in S. 1501 refers to the existing exemplar approval application 血界阵线十三王都是谁process, such application would include the following elements:

. A comprehensive business plan for the job-creating project to be funded with EB-5 capital via the new commercial enterprise. This should include a credible business deion, market and competitive analyses, relevant permit and license information, marketing strate西安旅游景点,EB-5提案之收效时间及其影响分析-律所版,巴望gy, organi性的zational structure, substantiated pro forma; and demonstrates how the project’s activities will resu荷斯坦奶农沙龙lt in the creation of at least 10 jobs per EB-5 investor within 2.5 years from I-526 approvals.

. Documents showing the current status of the project. These could include, as applicable, project design materials, third-party feasibility studies, financing commitment letters, per愿望国度mit copies, and other evidence showing actual implementation of the business plan.

. Economic analysis explaining how the project receiving EB-5 investment will create jobs, as calculated using a reasonable methodology.

. Offering document drafts showing that the terms of the proposed investment are EB-5 compliant.

. TEA certification letter from the relevant state agency, if applicable.

. Sample Form I-526 (for an unna西安旅游景点,EB-5提案之收效时间及其影响分析-律所版,巴望med investor) with cover letter discussing how the evidence demonstrates the project’s EB-5 compliance.

To request exemplar I-526 petition approval, a regional center would include the above items in an amendment request filed on a Form I-924 with filing fee (currently $6,230).

Conclusion

S. 1501 as currently drafted may or may not become law. If it does, the filing of an exemplar as currently understood may or may not be deemed sufficient to grandfather an investor. However, based on the potentially tremendous benefit of a pre-enactment exemplar request filing, regional centers with actual projects underway should consider submitting exemplar requests prior to September 30, 2015. Finally, exemplar requests should be prepared and submitted in consultation with qualified EB-5 counsel.

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